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2011 Edition, October 1, 2011

Complete Document

Atmosphere Furnace Heating Systems

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Description / Abstract:

A detailed evaluation of furnace heating systems is presented. Topics of discussion include application guidelines for both gas fired and electrically heated furnaces. Heating system selection considers operating temperature, processing atmosphere and heating method (radiant or convective heating) along with heating system orientation within the furnace chamber. The evaluation consists of a comparison of operating costs, environmental considerations and lifetime maintenance costs of the various systems. Systems to be evaluated consist of alloy radiant tubes (single ended, U-tube, etc.), ceramic radiant tubes (single ended and U-tubes) and a variety of electrical element designs. Actual case studies of the various heating systems are presented with respect to maintenance and operating costs.