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2012 Edition, October 1, 2012

Complete Document

Analysis of Ripple on Noisy Gears

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Description / Abstract:

A low noise level is an important quality feature in modern gearboxes for passenger cars. But a troublesome noise can have many causes. The noise origination and transmission is amongst others affected by the design layout, by the actual deviations of the components, by the assembly of the components and also by the mounting situation of the complete gearbox. Damages, form errors and displacement errors or ripples are often present on the flanks of a gear, if it is found to be the cause of problems in a noise check. Especially ripples or 'ghost frequencies' of a gear are problematic, because up to now they rarely can be detected on a gear measuring device but only in a relative complex single­flank roll checking procedure. A new evaluation method now allows to identify and to describe ripples on the flanks of gears based on the results of a normal gear measurement. The deviation curves were approximated by sine functions, the results are displayed graphical and by characteristic values. A combination of the deviation of each measured point with its rotation angle allows an evaluation equal to a rolling with the mating gear. The results show a very good correlation to a noise check and to a single­flank roll check. The application of the software is demonstrated by practical examples of the manufacturing methods generating grinding, honing, broaching and shaving. Vibrations of machine tool and ripple generating influences in the manufacturing process can be verified down to a level of a few tenth micrometers. At the same time this method is well suited to describe long­wave form deviations like an ovality or a 3­ or 4­fold ripple caused by the clamping or by a square blank. With this new evaluation method gears can be tested in an early state of production for known, critical ripples and conclusions can be drawn on the state of machine tool, cutting tool and clamping device.