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Alcohol and Coffee Use in the Aging

September 28, 2000

Complete Document



Detail Summary

Active, Most Current

EN
Additional Comments:
ISBN: 978-0-8493-2257-0
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Product Details:

  • Revision: September 28, 2000
  • Published Date: September 28, 2000
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: CRC Press (CRC)
  • Page Count: 144
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

Preface

As people become seniors, their physiology changes. Such biological changes make them more sensitive to alcohol and other abused drugs. Clearly, alcohol, tobacco smoke, and, to a lesser extent, caffeine in coffee, are addictive. It is difficult to discontinue use and abuse, and elderly people suffer from longterm and chronic exposure.

Alcohol use in elderly people is summarized, with an overview of the many types of physiological changes. Alcohol affects neurological and mental function and cognitive changes are accentuated by alcohol use, reducing the ability of elderly people to regulate or cease use. Mental function is damaged by both age and alcohol, which have some synergistic effects. Heart disease, the major killer of elderly people, is accentuated by alcohol use. Age, gender, and body composition influence the effects of alcohol in older people, affecting, as well, research outcomes and related conclusions. A detailed discussion of how alcohol affects the elderly population is presented for major types of health problems. The book includes an important description of how alcohol-using elderly people can be rehabilitated. A poorly defined synergism among alcohol abusers is the frequent association with tobacco smoking. These two agents are routinely used together, affect each others' intakes, and together promote the major causes of premature death in the elderly population. The role of alcohol abuse and tobacco smoking in elderly people is therefore carefully described and evaluated.

The most commonly ingested substance with addictive properties is coffee, via its caffeine. Caffeine is a major cause or contributing factor to insomnia in seniors. Its role and the mechanisms of action in the elderly population are described in detail. Coffee also has been associated with hypertension, cancer, and substantial health problems of many elderly people. The actions of caffeine and coffee that promote these conditions are defined.