API MPMS 11.1 V10 1980 Edition, 1980
Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 11.1 - Volume Correction Factors Volume X - Background, Development, and Program Documentation
Includes all amendments and changes through Reaffirmation Notice , March 1997
Additional Comments: H27145 * S/S BY API MPMS 11.1
Published By:American Petroleum Institute (API)
The complete collection of the jointly issued API/ASTM-IP tables of which this volume is a part is the result of close cooperation between the American Petroleum Institute (API), the Institute of Petroleum (London) (IP), and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The overall objective of this effort was to meet the worldwide need for a uniform and authoritative publication, based on the most accurate information available. This publication serves as a basis for standardized calculations of measured quantities of petroleum fluids regardless of point of origin, destination, or units of measure used by custom or statute. To meet the objective of worldwide standardized measurement practices, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the British Standards Institute (BSI) have also been closely involved nationally, resulting in the acceptance of the revised tables as an American National Standard and as a British Standard. In addition, in their respective capacities as Secretariat of the International Organization for Standardization TC/28 and of TC/28 SC3, ANSI and BSI have been instrumental in progressing the revised tables towards their adoption as an international standard by the International Organization for Standardization.
The present collection supersedes all previous editions of the petroleum measurement Tables ANSI/ASTM D1250, IP200, and API Standard 2540. Action is being taken in ISO/TC 28 for the corresponding tables listed in ISO R91 and the tables in the addendum to R91 to be superseded by the present revised collection.
In view of the progress of metrication in countries formerly using the British system of weights and measures, demand for the revision of the British edition does not justify the considerable work involved. The present edition will therefore be withdrawn on the same date as the corresponding metric and American editions are published and will not be replaced.
For the metric edition the new standard covers products with densities in the range 610.0 to 1076.0 kg/m3 (0.610 to 1.076 g/mL). The tables for densities below this range, covering liquefied petroleum gases, have not been revised.
The original tables, which were developed in the late 1940s, were based on the 1916 data of Bearce and Peffer (1916) and represent thirty years of evolution. The history of this evolution is summarized by Hall et al. (1975).
Downer and Inkley (1972) demonstrated that the original tables were not satisfactory representations of many petroleum fluids of current importance. In 1974 the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the United States National Bureau of Standards (NBS) initiated are search program funded by the API which intended to provide the solid scientific base for the development of more accurate, consequently more equitable, measurement tables. The result of this program was precise density data on 349 different fluids representing a wide variety of refined products and 66.8 percent of the world crude production in 1974. The completion of this five-year, $500,000 project in March 1979 opened the way for modernizing the tables. Using the NBS density data and taking advantage of publications of outstanding technical authorities, a Joint API-ASTM Physical Properties Working Group produced this present collection of the Petroleum Measurement Tables. The development and results of the work are described by Hankinson et al. (1979).
A major conceptual departure from previous versions is inherent in the recognition of the present and future position of computers in the petroleum industry. The actual Standard represented by this volume and the companion volumes is neither the hardcopy printed tables nor the set of equations used to represent the density data but is an explicit implementation procedure used to develop computer subroutines. The standardization of an implementation procedure implies the standardization of the set of mathematical expressions, including calculational sequence and round-off procedures, used within the computer code. Absolute adherence to the outlined procedures will ensure that all computers and computer codes of the future, meeting the stated specifications and restrictions, will be able to produce identical results. Hence, the published implementation procedures are the primary Standard, the distributed subroutines are the secondary standard, and the published tables are produced for convenience.
The task of completing this project could not have been accomplished without many substantial contributions by a considerable number of individuals and companies. It is impossible to single out any specific individuals for special mention. However, included in the introductory material are lists of the officers of the API's Committee on Petroleum Measurement (COPM), the officers of the Joint API/ASTM Committee on Static Petroleum Measurement (COSM), the major contributors from the Institute of Petroleum, and the members of the COSM Physical Properties Working Group.