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API PUBL 4369 VOL 1

1983 Edition, May 1983

Complete Document

Treatment Technology for Removal of Dissolved Gasoline Components from Ground Water volume one



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841-43690 * W/D NO S/S
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Product Details:

  • Revision: 1983 Edition, May 1983
  • Published Date: May 1983
  • Status: Not Active, See comments below
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: American Petroleum Institute (API)
  • Page Count: 242
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

INTRODUCTION

The API desired an evaluation of options for treating ground water containing dissolved gasoline components. In particular, the API was concerned about aromatics such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and ethylbenzene, and oxygenates such as TBA and MTBE. These components are referred to in the report as total organics of interest (TOI). In an earlier literature search and evaluation, activated carbon adsorption and air stripping (or a combination of these technologies) were identified as the most likely treatment alternatives. Land application was also identified as an alternative for certain applications. The API contracted with ITE to conduct a technical and economic evaluation of the alternative technologies.

A laboratory evaluation of the adsorption and stripping technologies was conducted in order to identify optimum design conditions. Activated carbon adsorption was evaluated over a range of feed concentrations, hydraulic loadings, and regeneration conditions (the carbon was nondestructively regenerated with steam). Air stripping was evaluated over a range of feed concentrations, temperatures, and air/water ratios. volume One of this report details the experimental procedures and results.

Based on design and operating conditions identified in the laboratory evaluations, capital and operating cost estimates for full-scale systems were developed. Cost curves were generated over the range of design and operating conditions.

The cost curves in this report are intended to be used as a treatment manual to aid in selecting the appropriate treatment technology for a particular application. These curves are included in Volume Two of this report.