This publication is designed for use both by pipeline operators and local emergency response agencies. It provides an outline of recommended standards for developing an emergency preparedness and response plan which will facilitate coordination and cooperation with local, state, and federal agencies that handle incidents involving the release of hazardous materials.
It is assumed that each oil pipeline operator has developed individualized detailed emergency response procedures. This recommended practice has been prepared to augment those procedures and is not intended to be all-encompassing, but rather, to represent a general approach which should be adapted to local regulations and circumstances.
The terms oil pipeline(s) and hazardous liquids pipeline(s) in this publication refer to true transmission pipeline transportation operations-to trunk and lateral line systems that transport crude oil, refined products and other commodities regulated by the Department of Transportation under Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 195, such as liquefied petroleum gas, ammonia and carbon dioxide.
The terms oil pipeline(s) and hazardous liquids pipeline(s) are not used to describe, and this publication does not apply to, piping used in production operations, piping systems that exist within refineries or piping systems used to transfer petroleum from one container to another such as piping between storage tanks or the hoses and pipes used to transfer petroleum between land tanks and water carriers.