a. This regulation applies to all enlisted soldiers serving on active duty in the Active Army, including United States Army Reserve soldiers serving on extended active duty. It also applies to Army National Guard of the United States and United States Army Reserve soldiers serving on active duty under 10 USC, which includes active duty for training, full-time active duty in the Active Guard Reserve Program, active duty for special work, temporary tours of active duty, and order-to-active-duty for contingency operations. Except for chapter 10, this regulation does not apply to soldiers serving on annual training. This regulation does not apply to Army National Guard of the United States soldiers serving on full-time National Guard duty under 32 USC. It does not pertain to Army National Guard of the United States, or United States Army Reserve soldiers who are not serving on active duty or active duty for training. Administrative separation of these soldiers is governed by NGR 600-200 or AR 135-178.
b. Chapter 12 governs the retirement of Regular Army, Army National Guard of the United States, and United States Army Reserve soldiers who are retiring from active duty in their Army enlisted status.
c. This regulation also applies during full and partial mobilization. During mobilization, chapters and policies contained in this regulation may be modified by the proponent.
d. Active duty determinations requiring action by Commanding General, United States Army Personnel Command, as set forth in this regulation, will be forwarded to Headquarters, Department of the Army (TAPC-PDT-P), 200 Stovall Street, Alexandria, VA 22332-0478, unless otherwise specified.
a. This regulation sets policies, standards, and procedures to ensure the readiness and competency of the force while providing for the orderly administrative separation of soldiers for a variety of reasons. Readiness is promoted by maintaining high standards of conduct and performance.
b. The separation policies in this regulation promote the readiness of the U.S. Army by providing an orderly means to—
(1) Judge the suitability of persons to serve in the Army on the basis of their conduct and their ability to meet required standards of duty performance and discipline.
(2) Maintain standards of performance and conduct through characterization of service in a system that emphasizes the importance of honorable service.
(3) Achieve authorized force levels and grade distribution.
(4) Provide for the orderly administrative separation of soldiers in a variety of circumstances.
c. Department of the Army separation policy is designed to strengthen the concept that military service is a calling different from any civilian occupation.
(1) The acquisition of military status involves a commitment to the United States, the Army, one's fellow citizens, and soldiers, to complete successfully a period of obligated service. Early separation for failure to meet required standards of performance or discipline represents a failure to fulfill that commitment.
(2) Millions of Americans from diverse backgrounds and with a wide variety of aptitudes and attitudes upon entering military service have served successfully in the Army. It is the policy of the Department of the Army to provide soldiers with the training, motivation, and professional leadership that inspires the dedicated soldier to emulate his/her predecessors and peers in meeting required standards of performance and discipline.
(3) The Army makes a substantial investment in training, time, equipment, and related expenses when persons enter into military service. Separation prior to completion of an obligated period of service is wasteful because it results in loss of this investment and generates a requirement for increased accessions. Consequently, attrition is an issue of significant concern at all levels of responsibility within the Army.
(a) Reasonable efforts should be made to identify soldiers who exhibit a likelihood for early separation and to improve their chances for retention through counseling, retraining, and rehabilitation prior to initiation of separation proceedings.
(b) Soldiers who do not conform to required standards of discipline and performance and soldiers who do not demonstrate potential for further military service should be separated in order to avoid the high costs in terms of pay, administrative efforts, degradation of morale, and substandard mission performance.
d. This regulation provides—
(1) The authority for separation of soldiers upon expiration of term of service (ETS) or fulfillment of active duty obligation.
(2) The authority and general provisions governing the separation of soldiers before ETS or fulfillment of active duty obligation to meet the needs of the Army and its soldiers.
(3) The procedures to implement laws and policies governing voluntary retirement of soldiers of the Army for length of service.
(4) The criteria governing uncharacterized separations and the issuance of honorable, general, and under other-than-honorable-conditions discharges.
Figure 1-1. Sample format for SS Affidavit the United States Army
Figure 1-2. Sample format for request for retention in service