These 4 volumes provide over 750 standards that cover fuels, oils, lubricants, and solvents. They address alternative diesel fuels and diesel fuel blend components, (including biodiesel), ethanol, and ethanol blends. They also feature standards for evaluating the properties of motor, diesel, automotive spark-ignition engine fuel, ethanol, aviation fuels, solvent hexane, and naphtha.
Standards cover distillate and residual fuel oil, kerosine, and illuminating oils, and set down procedures for evaluating such properties as carbon residue, viscosity, cloud point, density, flash point, and sulfur content. Other subjects include natural and liquefied petroleum, pure light hydrocarbons, crude petroleum, wax and petrolatum, and hydraulic fluids.
Also includes standards for evaluating the properties of film lubricants, lubricating greases, lubricating oil, used oils, cutting oils, turbine oils, and engine tests (octane and cetane numbers).
Volume 05.04 features new ASTM D7794, the first standard to identify the protocols necessary to blend mid-level ethanol fuels at the terminal and retail level that equal the fuel quality and performance expected from fuels meeting other ASTM fuel specifications.