This test method covers the determination of peel adhesion of
reinforcing fabrics that are bonded
to rubber compounds. It is applicable to either woven or parallel cord
textile structures from both
natural and manmade fibers and to parallel steel cord structures.
This test method is primarily used to evaluate tire cords and tire
cord fabrics, including steel
tire cords, using a suitable tire cord adhesive and a suitable rubber
compound. This test method
may be used to evaluate tire cord adhesives (fabric dip), metallic
(usually brass) coatings on
steel cord, and the process of adhesive reaction on the cord using one
consistent form of tire cord
or fabric and one consistent rubber compound. This test method may be
used to evaluate cords and
fabrics in industrial hose and belting products and other cord or
fabric reinforced rubber
Variables that may contribute to differences in results of this test
method include adhesive type,
adhesive application procedure, adhesive cure, fiber type,
construction of cords or reinforcing
fabrics, rubber type, rubber cure, rubber thickness, and cord
The deleterious effect of ozone in combination with atmospheric
moisture on the ability of
adhesives to bond with rubber requires assiduous protection of cords
prior to rubber
This test method is written in SI units. The inch-pound units in
parentheses are provided in this
test method are not necessarily exact equivalents of the SI units.
Either system of units may be
used in this test method.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,
if any, associated with its
use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to
establish appropriate safety and
health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory
limitations prior to use.
Footnote 2 - Iyengar, Y., "Adhesion Behavior of Nylon Tire
Cord/Adhesive/Rubber Systems," Journal
of Applied Polymer Science, Vol 13, 1969, pp. 353-363.
Footnote 3 - Wenghoefer, H. M., "Environmental Effects on RFL
Adhesion," Rubber Chemistry and
Technology, Vol 47, No. 5, December 1974, pp. 1066-1073.