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ASTM D5268

2013 Edition, June 1, 2013

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Standard Specification for Topsoil Used for Landscaping Purposes

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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2013 Edition, June 1, 2013
  • Published Date: June 1, 2013
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: ASTM International (ASTM)
  • Page Count: 3
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

This specification covers a physical evaluation of an inorganic soil containing a limited amount of organic material, relative to its use as a topsoil for horticultural purposes in construction. For classification, a full agricultural textural classification may be used.

The presence in the soil of the correct nutrients and pH status is necessary for healthy plant growth. This specification does not, however, cover a determination of the nutrients, nor their availability.2

NOTE 1—The nutrient content of topsoil is important and the nutrients usually evaluated are nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. Nutrient deficiencies may be corrected using organic or inorganic fertilizers. Excess soluble salts should be examined as to their desirability. The acidity or alkalinity of the soil is also important. Excess acidity may be corrected by the application of lime. Excess alkalinity may be corrected by the application of sulfur or other suitable acidifying compounds. The latter item, in addition to lowering pH, also could be considered as an aggregate when considering the particle size distribution.

Typical general ranges of soil content are presented in Table 1. Soils falling within these ranges will generally form a suitable topsoil. It must, however, be recognized that in some geographic regions, concurrence with the values of Table 1 would be most difficult. In such cases, locally acceptable specifications would need to be developed.

The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2 Nutrient testing procedures are found in the state Agricultural Experiment Station recommendations from the state within which the landscape is located: Black, C. A. (editor-in-Chief), "Methods of Soil Analysis," Agronomy No. 9, Vol 2, American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, WI; and Hesse, P. R., A Textbook of Soil Chemical Analysis, Chemical Publishing Co., New York, NY, 1972.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard