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2003 Edition, September 23, 2003

Complete Document

Standard Specification and Temperature-Electromotive Force (EMF) Tables for Standardized Thermocouples

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Superseded By: ASTM E230/E230M

Additional Comments:
W/D S/S BY ASTM E230/E230M
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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2003 Edition, September 23, 2003
  • Published Date: September 23, 2003
  • Status: Superseded By:
  • Superseded By: ASTM E230/E230M
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: ASTM International (ASTM)
  • Page Count: 192
  • ANSI Approved: Yes
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

This specification contains reference tables (Tables 8 - 25) that give temperature-electromotive force (emf) relationships for Types B, E, J, K, N, R, S, T, and C thermocouples. These are the thermocouple types most commonly used in industry.

Also included are lists of standard and special tolerances on initial values of emf versus temperature for thermocouples (Table 1), thermocouple extension wires (Table 2), and compensating extension wires for thermocouples (Table 3).

Tables 4 - 5, included herein, give data on insulation color coding for thermocouple and thermocouple extension wires as customarily used in the United States.

Recommendations regarding upper temperature limits for the thermocouple types referred to in 1.1 are given in Table 6.

Tables 26 - 45 give temperature-emf data for single-leg thermoelements referenced to platinum (NIST Pt 67). The tables include values for Types BP, BN, JP, JN, KP (same as EP), KN, NP, NN, TP, and TN (same as EN).

Tables for Types RP, RN, SP, and SN thermoelements are not included since, nominally, Tables 18 - 21 represent the thermoelectric properties of Type RP and SP thermoelements referenced to pure platinum. Tables for the individual thermoelements of Type C are not included because materials for Type C thermocouples are normally supplied as matched pairs only.

Polynomial coefficients that may be used for computation of thermocouple emf as a function of temperature are given in Table 7. Coefficients for the emf of each thermocouple pair as well as for the emf of most individual thermoelements versus platinum are included. Coefficients for type RP and SP thermoelements are not included since they are nominally the same as for the types R and S thermocouples, and coefficients for type RN or SN relative to the nominally similar Pt-67 would be insignificant. Coefficients for the individual thermoelements of type C are not established.

Coefficients for sets of inverse polynomials are given in Table 44. These may be used for computing a close approximation of temperature (°C) as a function of thermocouple emf. Inverse functions are provided only for thermocouple pairs and are valid only over the emf ranges specified.

This specification is intended to define the thermoelectric properties of materials that conform to the relationships presented in the tables of this standard and bear the letter designations contained herein. Topics such as ordering information, physical and mechanical properties, workmanship, testing, and marking are not addressed in this specification. The user is referred to specific standards such as Specifications E 235, E 574, E 585, E 608, E 1159, or E 1223, as appropriate, for guidance in these areas.

The temperature-emf data in this specification are intended for industrial and laboratory use.