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ASTM E82

2009 Edition, October 1, 2009

Complete Document

Standard Test Method for Determining the Orientation of a Metal Crystal

Includes all amendments and changes through Change/Amendment , October 1, 2009


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Superseded By: ASTM E82/E82M

EN
Additional Comments:
W/D S/S BY ASTM E82/E82M
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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2009 Edition, October 1, 2009
  • Published Date: October 1, 2009
  • Status: Superseded By:
  • Superseded By: ASTM E82/E82M
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: ASTM International (ASTM)
  • Page Count: 13
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

This test method covers the back-reflection Laue procedure for determining the orientation of a metal crystal. The back-reflection Laue method for determining crystal orientation (1, 2)2 may be applied to macrograins (3) (0.5-mm diameter or larger) within polycrystalline aggregates, as well as to single crystals of any size. The method is described with reference to cubic crystals; it can be applied equally well to hexagonal, tetragonal, or orthorhombic crystals.

Most natural crystals have well developed external faces, and the orientation of such crystals can usually be determined from inspection. The orientation of a crystal having poorly developed faces, or no faces at all (for example, a metal crystal prepared in the laboratory) must be determined by more elaborate methods. The most convenient and accurate of these involves the use of X-ray diffraction. The "orientation of a metal crystal" is known when the positions in space of the crystallographic axes of the unit cell have been located with reference to the surface geometry of the crystal specimen. This relation between unit cell position and surface geometry is most conveniently expressed by stereographic or gnomonic projection.

The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2 The boldface numbers in parentheses refer to the list of references at the end of this method.