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2013 Edition, January 1, 2013

Complete Document

Petroleum Refining and Natural Gas Processing

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Active, Most Current

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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2013 Edition, January 1, 2013
  • Published Date: January 2013
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: ASTM International (ASTM)
  • Page Count: 830
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:


Oil and gas have been the main sources of energy the world over for the past century and will remain important sources of energy for the first half of this century, and possibly beyond. Currently, more than 60 % of the world's energy is produced from oil and gas, and energy needs are increasing. In addition, oil and gas provide the main feedstocks for the petrochemical industry. World population is expected to increase to eight billion by 2030, which will demand an increase in energy of 40 % in the next two decades. With these increases in energy consumption it is becoming necessary to consider unconventional types of oils. Such oils, which are heavier, require more rigorous processing and treatment. The evolution of petroleum refining began with the birth of modern oil production in Pennsylvania in the nineteenth century. Current refineries are much more complex than those of a few decades ago and there is significant research concerning the development of more economical uses of available hydrocarbon resources.

In the past few decades there has been an increase in the number of publications that report advancements in the petroleum industry. Petroleum Refining and Natural Gas Processing is a continuation of those efforts and attempts to bring together the most recent advances in various areas of petroleum downstream activities, with an emphasis on economic and environmental considerations, heavy-oil processing, and new developments in oil and gas processing.

The primary goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive reference that covers the latest developments in all aspects of petroleum and natural gas processing in the downstream sector of the petroleum industry. It includes topics on economy and marketing, scheduling and planning, modeling and simulation, design and operation, inspection and maintenance, corrosion, environment, safety, storage and transportation, quality and process control, products specifications, management, biofuel processing and production, as well as other issues related to these topics. Every attempt has been made to avoid overlap between chapters, however, there are some topics that have been included in more than one chapter when relevant to both chapters. Another objective of this book is to describe the latest technology available to those working in the petroleum industry, especially designers, researchers, operators, managers, decision-makers, business people, and government officials. The petroleum industry is a diverse and complex industry and it is almost impossible to include all aspects of it in a single book. However, we tried to cover the most vital issues and we believe this is the most comprehensive resource published to date for use by people involved in this worldwide industry. We hope this contribution will be useful to them. In writing this book we benefited from the published works of many researchers, which are cited at the end of each chapter. We welcome comments and suggestions from readers.

More than 40 scientists, experts, and professionals from both academia and industry have cooperated and contributed to the 33 chapters in this book. Authors with years of experience made unique contributions not available in any similar publications. We are grateful to all of them for their efforts in bringing this book to fruition.