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DEF STAN 03-21

Revision I5, September 2, 2011

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Mechanical Methods for the Inducement of Residual Surface Compressive Stresses

Includes all amendments and changes through Change/Amendment , September 2, 2011

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Product Details:

  • Revision: Revision I5, September 2, 2011
  • Published Date: September 2, 2011
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: MODUK - British Defense Standards (MODUK)
  • Page Count: 38
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

This Standard details the requirements to be observed when the controlled working of metal surfaces is carried out in order to induce surface compressive stresses. This may be done in order to improve the fatigue properties of items under many types of service loading or to improve resistance to stress corrosion cracking in susceptible alloys, fretting corrosion and corrosion fatigue. For example, they may be applied as a pretreatment to surface finishing operations such as hard chromium plating to offset the loss of fatigue strength which would otherwise occur, or for the reversal of harmful surface tensile stresses persisting from earlier finishing operations such as grinding. These processes may also be used to improve the poor fatigue behaviour of decarburized surfaces.

This Standard also includes guidance for the control of coverage during manual peening operations.

The processes covered by this specification are:

Shot peening

Needle peening

Flail or Roto peening

Hammer peening

Roller burnishing

Processes which are not employed for the prime purpose of inducing a controlled uniform compressive surface stress, e.g. abrasive blasting, are outside the scope of this specification.

The application of the processes shall be limited to those materials on which test work has shown them to be beneficial within given intensity ranges.