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DOD D 3216.1 2010 Edition, September 13, 2010
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Use of Animals in DoD Programs
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PURPOSE. This Instruction reissues DoD Directive (DoDD) 3216.1 (Reference (a)) as a DoD Instruction (DoDI) in accordance with the authority in DoDD 5134.01 (Reference (b)) to establish policy and assign responsibilities for the use of animals in DoD programs. The Reference (a) designation of the Secretary of the Army as the DoD Executive Agent to develop and issue Service regulations to implement Reference (a) has been cancelled pursuant to Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (c)).

APPLICABILITY

a. This Instruction applies to:

(1) OSD, the Military Departments, the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Defense Agencies, the DoD Field Activities, and all other organizational entities within the Department of Defense (hereafter referred to collectively as the "DoD Components").

(2) Research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E) or training that is conducted or supported both within the continental United States and outside of the continental United States. (See Glossary, Part II, for definitions.)

(3) Vertebrate animals, alive and dead, including birds, cold-blooded animals, and other designated mammalian species. (See Glossary, Part II, for definitions.)

b. This Instruction does not apply to:

(1) Animals used strictly for ceremonial and/or recreational purposes and working animals, such as military working dogs. However, if ceremonial, recreational, or military working animals are also used to conduct RDT&E or training, as defined in the Glossary, this Instruction applies.

(2) Farm animals such as but not limited to livestock or poultry used or intended for use as food or fiber, or livestock or poultry used or intended for use improving animal nutrition, breeding, management, or production efficiency; or for improving the quality of food or fiber.

(3) Animals used in disease surveillance, as defined in the Glossary, unless the disease screening procedure harms the animal. If there is no Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) supporting the institution, a DoD veterinarian with demonstrated familiarity with this Instruction and not involved in the activity shall determine if the activity is disease surveillance or if it harms the animal.

(4) Animals involved in field studies, as defined in the Glossary. If there is no IACUC supporting the institution, a DoD veterinarian with demonstrated familiarity with this Instruction and not involved in the activity shall determine if the activity is a field study.