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3rd Edition, September 1, 2016

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Anchorage of Seats

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Product Details:

  • Revision: 3rd Edition, September 1, 2016
  • Published Date: September 2016
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: General Motors Worldwide (GMW)
  • Page Count: 8
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:


Note: Nothing in this standard supercedes applicable laws and regulations.

Note: In the event of conflict between the English and domestic language, the English language shall take precedence.

Purpose. The purpose of this test procedure is to determine if the seat anchorages, seat frames, seat/seat back adjusters, and seat/seat back locking devices of motor vehicles meet the requirements of:

• Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS), FMVSS 207.

• Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS), CMVSS 207.

• Korean Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (KMVSS), KMVSS 97.

Applicability. This procedure applies to all passenger cars, light/medium duty trucks, and category M1 motor vehicles. This procedure does not apply to side-facing seats or passenger seats on a bus. This test can be modified to be conducted on a seat structure and/or a trimmed seat on a rigid fixture for evaluation any time throughout the seat system development process.

Remarks. Determination of compliance with FMVSS 207 and CMVSS 207 is established by two methods:

a. Seat Subsystem Tests. Testing individual seat subsystems on rigid mounting blocks simulating the vehicle floor attachment provisions provides a simulation of the subsystem’s performance in a vehicle.

Note: These tests are typically conducted by the seat supplier.

b. Vehicle System Tests. The structural performance of any seat subsystem (i.e., seat frame, adjuster and body structure or, in the case of non-adjustable seats, seat frame and body structure) is evaluated as a complete system.

Note: These tests are typically conducted at GM.

Seat Subsystem with Attached Seat Belt Assemblies. Seating systems which have all or some portion of the seat belt assemblies attached to the seat back or seat bottom, or where the belts and seats attach to a common structure, shall be tested simultaneously with the seat belt anchorage loads in accordance with GMW14413, FMVSS 210/CMVSS 210 and KMVSS 97.

Note: These tests are typically conducted at GM.