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1st Edition, January 1, 2012

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Manual of Criteria for the Qualification of Flight Simulation Training Devices - Volume II — Helicopters

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Description / Abstract:


This manual addresses the use of Flight Simulation Training Devices (FSTDs) representing aeroplanes (Volume I) and helicopters (Volume II). The methods, procedures and testing standards contained in Volume II of this manual are the result of the experience and expertise provided by National Aviation Authorities (NAA), experienced helicopter trainers, FSTD operators and manufacturers.

Development of Doc 9625

The first and second editions of the Doc 9625, initially developed in the late 1980s, were concerned with full flight simulators for aeroplanes only. There were no internationally accepted criteria for the design, qualification or operation of flight simulation devices for rotary wing aircraft.

At the Flight Simulation Conference of the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS) held in London in November 2005, the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) requested that the RAeS consider leading an international working group to review the technical criteria contained within the second edition of Doc 9625 and to expand these criteria to include all FSTDs for both aeroplanes and helicopters.

In response, the RAeS Flight Simulation Group established an International Working Group (IWG) in March 2006 to review the technical criteria contained within the second edition of this manual and to expand these accordingly. The IWG also decided that a fundamental review was necessary to establish the simulation fidelity levels required to support each of the required training tasks for each type of pilot licence, qualification, rating or training type. The goal of the working group was to develop a manual that, through ICAO, would form the basis of all national and international standards for a complete range of FSTDs.

The Aeroplane IWG (A-IWG) comprised members from the regulatory community, pilot representative bodies, the airlines, and the training and flight simulation industry and developed a unified set of technical criteria and training considerations, which were published as Volume I of the third edition of Doc 9625.

The Helicopter IWG (H-IWG) was composed of a similar cross-section of the industry, with wide representation from the regulatory community, helicopter manufacturers and operators, flight training organizations and the flight simulation industry. To enable the maximum coherence with Volume I, the H-IWG began its work approximately one year after the A-IWG and followed the same processes wherever possible.

Since the H-IWG did not have an equivalent template to the fixed-wing multi-crew pilot licence (MPL) with which to identify the key training tasks, a list of common training tasks was developed by the group and is included in Part I of Volume II. In order to keep the scale of the work manageable, most mission-specific tasks were excluded, as the extremely varied nature of civil helicopter operations meant that it was not practical to include them in the scope of this work. For the same reason, the scope of this work was limited to helicopters; tilt-rotor and other rotary wing aircraft were excluded. The resulting set of technical criteria and training considerations form the contents of this new Volume II of Doc 9625.