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Infectious Diseases and Pathology of Reptiles: Color Atlas and Text

2007 Edition, April 11, 2007

Complete Document



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Active, Most Current

EN
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ISBN: 978-0-8493-2321-8
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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2007 Edition, April 11, 2007
  • Published Date: April 11, 2007
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: CRC Press (CRC)
  • Page Count: 732
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:

PREFACE

Why this book and why now? As I approached my 30th year following graduation from veterinary college I decided the time was ripe for a color atlas including some of the best of the tens of thousands of images I had taken documenting infectious diseases and pathology of reptiles. Although descriptive reports of reptile pathology date back to the mid-1800s, and whereas many of the recent texts on reptile medicine and disease cover various aspects of this topic, it was my feeling that a more definitive text with more inclusive images covering infectious diseases and pathology of reptiles was needed. Given that much of my clinical and research career has centered on this topic, I decided to take sabbatical leave in July 2004 to gather as much of the most relevant material that I had collected and published over the past 30 years into a book. As with many books, the time it took to conclude this project was far greater than originally anticipated. Two major hurricane seasons later it is done.

Here I have selected a number of topics that are relevant to infectious diseases and pathology of reptiles. Because understanding the biology of reptiles, particularly anatomy and histology, is critical in understanding and interpreting pathology, this book starts with a general review of the biology of the Reptilia in Chapter 1. All major systems are reviewed, and in-depth anatomy and histology are provided. This represents the most complete single source of color images of normal reptile histology. Scientific names are first given as the currently accepted name followed by the former name originally published in the older literature. I n each chapter, the scientific name follows the common name the first time the common name is used. T hereafter, only the common name is used. The following served as sources of information for the currently accepted common, scientific, and family names used in this book: EMBL Reptile Database (http://www.embl-heidelberg.de/~uetz/Reptiles.html); Norman Frank and Erica Ramus, 1995, A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians, NG Publishing, Pottsville, Pennsylvania; Tim Halliday and Kraig Adler, 2002, Firefly Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians, Firefly Books, Buffalo, New York; and George R. Zug, Laurie J. Vitt, and Janalee P. Caldwell, 2001, Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, S an Francisco, California. Immunology is a special component of reptile biology, and because of its role in the response of reptiles to pathogens, this is reviewed as a separate topic in Chapter 2. Reptiles have a number of circulating inflammatory cells that are critical in their defense against invading pathogens, and while only a few reptiles have been studied in any detail, there is enough information to be synthesized from the literature to merit having this as a separate topic in Chapter 3. Postmortem evaluation of reptiles is critical in determining causes of mortality, and those working with reptiles have made some modifications to go along with the different body plans of this group. Chapter 4 provides an approach and will be useful to both trainees and seasoned pathologists having limited contact with reptiles. The host response to pathogens is often key in making a diagnosis, and while reptiles as a group show many similarities, differences between groups do exist. Chapter 5 presents the most up-to-date information on this topic. Because many pathogens are not easy to isolate and difficult or impossible to specifically identify using light microscopy, electron microscopy is often used in determining the presence and nature of certain infectious agents. Chapter 6 provides an overview of techniques and methods used in electron microscopy and many electron photomicrographs of reptile pathogens are included. Although isolation of a particular pathogen is still important when trying to identify the cause of a disease, many pathogens are extremely fastidious or impossible to culture, and necessitate the use of molecular approaches. Chapter 7 brings together and reviews this topic. Serodiagnostics have come a long way over the last 15 years with the development of immunological reagents specifically produced against reptile immunoglobulins and their use in such tests as the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELIS A). Chapter 8 reviews those serological assays used in determining the presence of pathogen-specific antibodies in reptiles. Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12 review viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases, respectively, and present what is known about these major groups of pathogens in reptiles. Finally, methods for isolating viruses, bacteria, and fungi are reviewed in Chapter 13.

Many books become outdated very quickly, while a few provide worthwhile information for many years to come. Given the expertise of the various contributors, we expect this book to serve as a valuable source of information for future generations.