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ISO/IEC FDIS 20016-1

2013 Edition, July 11, 2013

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR LEARNING, EDUCATION AND TRAINING - LANGUAGE ACCESSIBILITY AND HUMAN INTERFACE EQUIVALENCIES (HIES) IN E-LEARNING APPLICATIONS - PART 1: FRAMEWORK AND REFERENCE MODEL FOR SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY



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Superseded By: ISO/IEC 20016-1

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NOW A PUBLISHED STD * SEE ISO/IEC 20016-1
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Description / Abstract:

Statement of scope – Multipart standard16

This part of ISO/IEC 20016 states the principles, rules and metadata elements for specifying language accessibility and Human Interface Equivalents (HIEs) in e-learning environments. It is structured to be able to support the requirements of applicable jurisdictional domains and in particular that of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Many jurisdictional domains have enacted legislation17, regulations or policies that require equal access to education or information18.

Like the ISO/IEC 24751-1"Framework" standard, this part of ISO/IEC 20016 is intended to support and meet the needs of learners with disabilities in a disability context. While focused on e-learning environments, this part of ISO/IEC 20016, like ISO/IEC 24751, identifies and supports generic individual accessibility requirements.

The primary difference between the two "AccessForAll" ISO/IEC 24751 and ISO/IEC 20016 multipart standards is that the former focuses on the functional services view (FSV) perspective and the latter on the content operational support (COS) perspective of learners with disabilities including multilingual requirements, decision-taking and commitment-making. As such, these two sets of standards interwork to support generic individual accessibility requirements.

This multipart standard also supports individual needs and preferences related to language and culture (which are generic in nature and apply irrespective of individual accessibility requirements).

This first edition of this part of ISO/IEC 20016 focuses on the fundamental, i.e., primitive requirements, and does so from four key perspectives; namely:

1) the need to be able to support rights and needs of individuals especially those with disabilities to specify their needs and preferences from a "human language" perspective including equal access to recorded information especially in e-learning;

2) support the requirement for individuals with disabilities - of their individual autonomy and independence, including the freedom to make their own choices. This includes being provided with unambiguous semantics of the recorded information at the level required for informed consent and the making of decisions which involve the making of a commitment(s).

3) the need to be able to support external constraints of jurisdictional domains as they apply to official, (or "de factor) or "legally recognized languages (LRL)19"; and,

4) the need to take a systematic approach and focus on the fundamental, i.e., most primitive, requirements first.

Scope of this part of ISO/IEC 20016 "framework and reference model for semantic interoperability"

The scope of this part of ISO/IEC 20016 is to provide a framework and reference model20 in support of the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and related public policy requirements and to do so in an ITLET focused context21.

As such, this part of ISO/IEC 20016 provides the key concepts and their definitions, as well as the overall approach to addressing semantic interoperability requirements.

The primary purpose of this part of ISO/IEC 20016 is four-fold:

1) serving as a framework and reference model for semantic interoperability in support of language accessibility requirements, doing so in a systematic and structured manner, in order to support and facilitate the incorporation of legal and regulatory requirements in ITLET applications. The common global legal/regulatory requirement here is that of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provides a unifying and common basis for requirements of an external constraints nature for those UN jurisdictional domains which are signatories to this UN Convention22.

2) incorporating and integrating applicable aspects of existing international standards deemed very relevant to this multipart ISO/IEC 20016 standard; namely those which focus on:

a) the making of decisions and commitments by an individual based on the individual being fully informed, i.e., in support of minimizing ambiguity in semantic interoperability

b) semantic aspects from a linguistic and/or translation theory and practical perspective

3) to provide for a systematic approach to the development and presentation of Parts 2+ of this multipart ISO/IEC 20016 standard; and,

4) to provide an initial template for use by organizations and public administrations.

16 This is the scope of the multipart ISO/IEC 20016 standard itself based on the approved New Work Item Proposal (NWIP) as stated in document JTC1/SC36N1830. The "scope" for ISO/IEC 20016-1 "Framework and Reference Model and Reference Model" for Semantic Interoperability" is provided in Clause 1.2 below.

17 Such legislation, and pursuant regulations, exists in jurisdictional domains at various levels of jurisdictional domains, (e.g., at the country level, state, province, or länder level, and even at the "supranational regulatory governance" level such as the European Union).

18 See further, Annex C (informative) Accessibility Policies and Legislation in ISO/IEC 24751-1:2006.

19 For the definition of "legally recognized language (LRL), see Clause 3.088 below. See also further below Clause 10 "Rules governing language and language accessibility".

20 This ISO/IEC 20016 multipart standard focuses on semantic interoperability aspects from a language accessibility and HIE perspective. It is possible that other Framework and Reference Models will be developed in the form of international ISO standards in support of other aspects of this UN Convention.

21 See further below Annex B which identifies which Clauses of this UN Convention are of particular relevance to ISO/IEC 20016.

22 The UN Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969) provides rules governing the legally binding nature of the UN member state.
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