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Nutrition and Sensation

2015 Edition, March 25, 2015

Complete Document

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Active, Most Current

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ISBN: 9781466569089
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Product Details:

  • Revision: 2015 Edition, March 25, 2015
  • Published Date: March 25, 2015
  • Status: Active, Most Current
  • Document Language: English
  • Published By: CRC Press (CRC)
  • Page Count: 340
  • ANSI Approved: No
  • DoD Adopted: No

Description / Abstract:


Of the estimated 130 million books published in the last two millennia, nutrition has maintained a preeminent position. While mostly about weight reduction diets, topics have spanned the spectrum ranging from anthropological to zoological nutrition. What has been missing has been a book solely devoted to the effect of the senses on nutrition. Clearly, the sensory in•uence on food choice is ubiquitous. It is trite to highlight that if a food does not look, taste, or smell good, then it will not readily be eaten. However, there are exceptions: the ugly fruit or capsaicin-induced trigeminal pain. Part of hedonics, and thus consumption of foods, is based on past experience and expectation. When indigenous cultures cannibalize the captivated warriors'‹brains, they are dapatical; raw, poisonous puffer ”sh sushi is a delicacy in Japan; and scrotum is treasured to many as an Asian gourmet.

Such expectations are grounded in the sensory properties of the consumable. Whether it be the color of soda; the creaminess of ice cream, the astringency of wine, the viscosity of maple syrup, the bitterness of coffee, or the aroma of chocolate, the sensory experience is the fuel of the locomotion of the hedonics of consumption.

Ultimately, behavior results from integration and higher cognitive interpretation of the sensory experience of eating. Sensory components of consumption are integrated in the posterior insular cortex (for taste) and orbitofrontal cortex (for smell) (Rolls 2006). The behavioral response to such sensations is directed through these and the anterior cingulate cortex to control behavior, and it is these behaviors that ultimately act to regulate nutrition (Benarroch 2010).