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SSPC SP 5 2007 Edition, January 1, 2007
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White Metal Blast Cleaning
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This joint standard covers the use of blast cleaning abrasives to achieve a defined degree of cleaning of steel surfaces prior to the application of a protective coating or lining system. This standard is intended for use by coating or lining specifiers, applicators, inspectors, or others who may be responsible for defining a standard degree of surface cleanliness.

The focus of this standard is white metal blast cleaning. Near-white metal blast cleaning, commercial blast cleaning, industrial blast cleaning, and brush-off blast cleaning are addressed in separate standards.

White metal blast cleaning provides a greater degree of cleaning than near-white metal blast cleaning (SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2).

The difference between a white metal blast and a nearwhite metal blast is that a white metal blast removes all of the coating, mill scale, rust, oxides, corrosion products, and other foreign matter from the surface. Near-white metal blasting allows light shadows, slight streaks, or minor discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains of mill scale, or stains of previously applied coating to remain on no more than 5 percent of each unit area of surface as defined in SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2.

This joint standard was originally prepared in 1994 and reaffirmed in 2000 by the SSPC/NACE Task Group A on Surface Preparation by Abrasive Blast Cleaning. This joint task group includes members of both the SSPC Surface Preparation Committee and the NACE Unit Committee T-6G on Surface Preparation. It was reaffirmed in 2006 by the SSPC Surface Preparation Committee and NACE Specific Technology Group (STG) 04, Protective Coatings and Linings: Surface Preparation.

In SSPC/NACE standards shall and must are used to state mandatory requirements. Should is used to state that which is considered good and is recommended but is not absolutely mandatory. May is used to state that which is considered optional.